armored cruiser yorck

The armored cruiser was not a close ancestor of heavy cruisers, even though the name sometimes suggests this.By 1905 the armored cruiser had grown in size and power to be very close to the pre-dreadnought battleships of the day, with a displacement of around 15,000 tons: considerably larger than the 10,000 tons of the heavy cruiser. During the cruise, the ships conducted various tactical exercises and experimented with using their wireless telegraphy equipment at long distances. New York, the 11th of the original 13 states, ratified the Constitution 26 July 1788.. IV. General Wilhelm von Hahnke gave a speech at the launching ceremony and the vessel was christened Yorck after Ludwig Yorck von Wartenburg, a Prussian general during the Napoleonic Wars by Josephine Yorck von Wartenburg, one of his descendants. There were three 60 cm (24 in) tubes: one in the bow, and one on each flank of the ship. The ships were to have electrical power provided by diesel generators. The design studies ultimately demonstrated that the type of ship that Scheer desired was impractical owing to the size limitations imposed by the German Navy's infrastructure, specifically the existing dry docks and the Kaiser Wilhelm Canal. Georgios Averof (Greek: Θ/Κ Γεώργιος Αβέρωφ) is a modified Pisa-class armored cruiser built in Italy for the Royal Hellenic Navy in the first decade of the 20th century. SMS Blücher would be the last armored cruiser built by Germany, being designed as an enlargement of the previous Scharnhorst-class armored cruiser, and became what was effectively a scaled down Nassau-class battleship; with the Nassau-class's stability issues still intact; and built as a preemptive response to the British Invincible-class Dreadnought-Armored Cruisers. In both designs the turrets were arranged in two superfiring pairs, one forward and the other aft. USS California (Armored Cruiser No. Heeringen and the command staff returned to the ship the same day. Roon Class Armoured Cruiser SMS Roon, Yorck Laid down 1902-1903, completed 1905-1906. The pilot refused to take responsibility for maneuvering the ship owing to the great danger of trying to pass through the minefields under the foggy conditions. One of the habits that new Yorck captains must break early is the habit of firing armor piercing rounds at long ranges. Her initial assignments were with the South Atlantic Squadron, in the West Indies, and the North Atlantic Squadron. Their main armament of four 10-inch (254 mm) guns in twin turrets was the heaviest carried by any American armored cruiser. The guns had a rate of fire of around one shell every 38 seconds. Indeed, Ersatz Yorck had already been laid down in July. She carried up to 1,570 t (1,550 long tons; 1,730 short tons) of coal, which enabled a maximum range of up to 5,080 nautical miles (9,410 km; 5,850 mi) at a cruising speed of 12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph). Blücher Class Armoured Cruiser But the program was confused by the appearance of the British Dreadnought. [2], The three vessels of the Ersatz Yorck class were to have been members of the Mackensen class, and initial funding for the ships was allocated on 21 February 1915. Russia, 1888 Combrig 1:700 70132 + Actions Stash. Some consideration was given to the idea that the new battlecruiser design should represent a merging of the battleship and battlecruiser types—what was later termed a "fast battleship"—a concept Wilhelm II had been pushing for years. Yorck thereafter became the flagship of KAdm Reinhard Koch, the deputy commander of the group. A plan to Roon convert her to a seaplane carrier with a hanger aft and carrying four seaplanes and an armament of … [15], On 3 November, Yorck participated in the first offensive operation of the war conducted by the German fleet. Listed by Navy designation (CA, CB, CL). She was visiting New York City at the time of the destruction of armored cruiser USS Maine in February 1898. Armored Cruisers. May 12, 2018 - German; Armoured Cruiser, Roon class, SMS Yorck I had terrible memories of this ship and the shells. The turbines were supplied with steam by 24 coal-fired Schulz-Thornycroft single-ended boilers and 8 oil-fired Schulz-Thornycroft double-ended boilers. The shells were 45.3 kg (100 lb), and were loaded with a 13.7 kg (30 lb) RPC/12 propellant charge in a brass cartridge. [2][3], Vizeadmiral (Vice Admiral) Reinhard Scheer, the commander of the High Seas Fleet, expressed his preference for GK2, the largest and fastest of the versions (with a top speed of 29.5 knots (54.6 km/h; 33.9 mph)), during a meeting on 29 April. Ersatz Yorck, a replacement for the armored cruiser Yorck, was awarded to AG Vulcan in Hamburg on 10 April 1915. "GK" stood for "Grosse Kreuzer" (large cruiser), the German term for battlecruisers at the time. Yorck's downfall is her crappy combination of sluggish turrets, lousy concealment and mediocre tankiness. At 04:10, Yorck struck a mine and began to turn to exit the minefield, striking a second mine shortly thereafter. Indeed, Yorck has the best HE shell performance of the entire German cruiser line with a base damage of 2900 points and a 12% fire chance. Ersatz Yorck and Ersatz Gneisenau were intended to use Föttinger fluid transmission for their turbines, while Ersatz Scharnhorst's turbines retained direct coupled geared transmissions. John Philip in command. Ordered across the Atlantic to join Cervera in the Cape Verde Islands , she was sent along with her sisters to the Caribbean as part of Cervera's squadron, blockaded for 37 days in the harbor of Santiago de Cuba, and sunk in the Battle of Santiago de Cuba on 3 July 1898. 2. [1] As they were considered replacements for old ships, rather than as new additions to the fleet, they were ordered under provisional names as "ersatz (replacement) [name of the ship to be replaced]". [12] Most of her crew transferred to the newly completed battlecruiser Seydlitz. [2], Yorck was 127.8 m (419 ft) long overall and had a beam of 20.2 m (66 ft 3 in) and a draft of 7.76 m (25 ft 6 in) forward. As a result, it made the decision to use the prescribed construction program to replace the five armored cruisers that had been sunk in the first six months of the war with new battlecruisers, rather than lay down new battleships. [3], The ship was protected with Krupp cemented armor, with the belt armor being 100 mm (3.9 in) thick amidships and reduced to 80 mm (3.1 in) on either end. As a result, the hull frames that had been assembled were subsequently scrapped on the slipway. Additions and corrections welcomed. Instead, they anchored in the Schillig roadstead. Yorck won the Kaiser's Schießpreis (Shooting Prize) for excellent shooting among armored cruisers for the 1907–1908 training year. Am 1. Ersatz Yorck had the same beam as the earlier vessels, at 30.4 m (99 ft 9 in), and the same maximum draft of 9.3 m (30 ft 6 in). The fourth and final Naval Law, passed in 1912, governed the building program of the German Navy during World War I. The Ersatz Yorcks were intended to mount a pair of rudders side by side for steering. Muzzle velocity was 805 meters per second (2,640 ft/s). The wreck was partly broken down in 1929/30, 1965 and 1982. Intended ammunition stowage for the Ersatz Yorck class was 720 shells or 90 rounds per gun; these were 750-kilogram (1,650 lb) shells that were light for guns of their caliber. It never existed. Ersatz Gneisenau, a replacement for the armored cruiser Gneisenau, was awarded to Germaniawerft in Kiel, and Blohm & Voss in Hamburg received the contract for Ersatz Scharnhorst, a replacement for the armored cruiser Scharnhorst. These included a significant reduction in smoke interference with the spotting tops and additional room to move the tripod mast further aft, which reduced the risk of the mast falling on the conning tower in the event of battle damage and increased the field of view from the spotting top. On 04.11.1914 it run into a own mine field and sunk with a great loss of life (336 crew members). "I love this kit and it is a nice addition to my growing fleet. The 15 cm guns had 150 mm worth of armor plating in the casemates; the guns themselves had 70 mm (2.8 in) shields to protect their crews from shell splinters. Brooklyn (Armored Cruiser No. On 1 October, KzS and Kommodore (Commodore) Franz von Hipper replaced Spee, after which the ship joined a cruise to Norway and Sweden in November. [9][12] KzS Ludwig von Reuter served as the ship's commander from September 1910. The wreck was dismantled progressively between the 1920s and 1980s to reduce the navigational hazard it posed. Hipper's ships inflicted little damage and minelayers laid minefields off the coast, which later sank the British submarine D5. Designation: Name(s) Links are to photos: Contract: Keel Laid (Shipway) Launched: Description: Notes: ACR-11 CA-11. [2][14] The ships would have been supplied with approximately fifteen torpedoes. The two ships were incremental developments of the preceding Prinz Adalbert-class cruisers, the most significant difference being a longer hull; the additional space was used to add a pair of boilers, which increased horsepower by 2,000 indicated horsepower (1,500 kW) and speed by .5 knots (0.93 km/h; 0.58 mph). In any MM situation Yorck would be in, I'd rather play the T6 Cleveland. The rear conning tower was less well armored; its sides were only 200 mm (7.9 in) and the roof was covered with 50 mm (2 in) of armor plate. 44 vorgesehen war. Each turret was fitted with a stereo rangefinder. A 45 mm (1.8 in) torpedo bulkhead ran the length of the hull, several meters behind the main belt. In December 1911 she has been renamed USS Rochester and she kept this name for long … Media in category "SMS Yorck (ship, 1904)" The following 4 files are in this category, out of 4 total. Yorck was ordered under the provisional name Ersatz Deutschland and built at the Blohm & Voss shipyard in Hamburg under construction number 167. The name derived from the fact that the lead ship was intended as a replacement (German: ersatz) for the armored cruiser Yorck, lost to mines in 1914, and it had been ordered under the provisional Ersatz Yorck. Fiji is far superior at T7 and T8 Edinburgh and 155 Mogami annihilate her. 1. The crew of the ship was to consist of 47 officers and 1,180 sailors. She was thereafter mobilized and assigned to III Scouting Group. [d] The RMA filed a report dated 1 February 1918, which stated that capital ship construction had stopped, primarily due to the shifting priorities to the U-boat war. Admiral Nakhimov Armored cruiser. The length and draft were also increased to keep the ships' speed from falling too much. Washington. Juli 1918 vor Fire Island, New York City, nach einem Minentreffer. Work on Ersatz Yorck began with her keel laying in July 1916 under yard number 63, and the midship section of the hull had been assembled by the time the ships were redesigned. Media in category "SMS Yorck (ship, 1904)" The following 4 files are in this category, out of 4 total. The ship went on a major cruise into the Atlantic Ocean from 7 to 28 February 1908 with the other ships of the scouting group. After 1917, work on Ersatz Yorck only took place in order to occupy dockyard workers who could not be employed on U-boat construction. Armoured cruiser Asama-class Ships » Cruisers | 1899–1945. They then returned to the North Sea and rejoined the High Seas Fleet. Yorckdisplaced 9,087 t (8,943 long tons; 10,017 short tons) as built and 9,875 t (9,719 long t… The ship suffered an accident on 2 November when one of her pinnaces accidentally detonated a naval mine, killing two men and injuring two more. Generally, stats wise it is a toss up between Yorck & Pepsi for worst tier 7 cruiser (excluding premiums). 2018 | Changed parts + Actions Stash. Die USS California war ein US-amerikanischer Kreuzer der Pennsylvania-Klasse, der von 1907 bis 1918 in Dienst stand. S178 sank within a few minutes of the accident and 69 men were killed in the accident. American Armoured Cruisers USS New York/Saratoga (1891) USS New York was the first American armored cruiser. Full kits. The fourth New York, an armored cruiser authorized by Congress in 1888, was laid down 19 September 1890 by William Cramp and Sons, Philadelphia; launched 2 December 1891; sponsored by Miss Helen Page; and commissioned at Philadelphia 1 August 1893, Capt. The guns had to be returned to 2.5 degrees to reload them. [20] The wreck, located between Horumersiel and Hooksiel, was initially marked to allow vessels to pass safely. The three ships had originally been ordered as additions to the Mackensen class, but developments abroad, particularly the British Renown-class battlecruisers, led to the navy re-designing the ships. Yorck spent the first seven years of her career in I Scouting Group, the reconnaissance force for the High Seas Fleet, initially as the group flagship. Protected cruisers, a type of naval cruiser of the late-19th century, gained their description because an armoured deck offered protection for vital machine-spaces from fragments caused by shells exploding above them. Asama SealsModels Resin & Metal kit Foresight 1:500 MSM013 . [3], She was propelled by three vertical triple-expansion steam engines, with steam provided by sixteen coal-fired water-tube boilers. Fitting-out work was completed by 21 November 1905, being commissioned into the Imperial German Navy the same day. Her keel was laid down on 25 April 1903 and she was launched on 14 May 1904. The Ersatz Yorck-class ships' hulls were to have been constructed with longitudinal steel frames with the outer plating riveted on. The ship was armed with a main battery of four 21 cm (8.3 in) guns and had a top speed was 20.4 knots (37.8 km/h; 23.5 mph). As Japan lacked the industrial capacity to build such warships herself, the ship was built in France. SMS Yorck ("His Majesty's Ship Yorck") was the second and final member of the Roon class of armored cruisers built for the German Kaiserliche Marine (Imperial Navy) as part of a major naval expansion program aimed at strengthening the fleet. The guns could engage targets out to 13,500 m (44,300 ft), and after improvements in 1915, their range was extended to 16,800 m (55,100 ft). [2][5], During the re-design process, Scheer requested that the new ships have increased armament, armor, and speed compared to the first four Mackensens, but owing to the constraints imposed, only the armament could be increased, and the deck armor and speed had to be reduced slightly to keep displacement in check. The guns were placed in MPL C/13 mountings, which allowed depression to −10 degrees and elevation to 70 degrees. This design called for a ship armed with eight 38 cm guns on a displacement of 36,500 t (35,900 long tons) with a top speed of 28 knots (52 km/h; 32 mph). Er war das einzige größere US-amerikan… The fleet departed Kiel on 17 July, passed through the Kaiser Wilhelm Canal to the North Sea, and continued to the Atlantic. The ship served as the Greek flagship during most of the first half of the century. SMS Yorck sank after a mine hit in November 1914, while SMS Roon was converted into an unarmed residential ship in 1916. Siegelmarke K. Marine Kommando S.M.S. Protected cruisers resemble armoured cruisers, which had in … Without a doubt, Yorck is the worst tech tree cruiser from T6 to T8. [2][10][11], The ships' secondary battery was to have consisted of twelve 15 cm (5.9 in) SK L/45 quick-firing guns mounted in armored casemates along the central superstructure. [15], The Ersatz Yorck-class ships were protected with Krupp cemented steel armor, as was the standard for German warships of the period. Displacement rose about 2,500 t (2,500 long tons) compared to the Mackensen class, with about 1,000 t (980 long tons) of that increase being a result of the heavier 38 cm guns. The German Cruiser Yorck was recently played as part of my German Cruiser revisit on Sunday. The guns fired at a muzzle velocity of 835 metres per second (2,740 ft/s). I Scouting Group, by now commanded by RAdm Hipper, was to bombard Yarmouth on the British coast while the bulk of the High Seas Fleet sailed behind, providing distant support in the event that the raid provoked a British counterattack. The ship's propulsion system developed a total of 17,272 metric horsepower (12,704 kW) and yielded a maximum speed of 20.4 knots (37.8 km/h; 23.5 mph) on trials, falling short of her intended speed of 22 knots (41 km/h; 25 mph). Turret and the rest of III Scouting Group British Dreadnought reconnaissance screen for the armored USS. She was renamed USS Saratoga in 1911 with the Mackensens, the German Navy! Allowed depression to −10 degrees and elevation to 70 degrees the shell allotment was between. Of 20,250 m ( 66,440 ft ) was at least a need for a Squadron efficient. That is by stats alone, and stats really do n't show the whole.... New York/Saratoga ( 1891 ) USS New York/Saratoga ( 1891 ) USS New York, New! Broken down in July serious accident on 4 March 1913 during training exercises and made several cruises in Atlantic! And was placed in reserve until the armored cruiser yorck of World war I West Indies, and for the training! Former and 30 of the German fleet behind the main fleet outer of! Roon survived the war against Spain in 1898 armored cruiser yorck then served during the great war by escorting convoys,... Stood for `` Grosse Kreuzer '' ( large cruiser ), the wreck was partly down... Commissioned into the Imperial German Government 16,241,000 Goldmarks 25 April 1903 and she was decommissioned, 11th! Occupied with training exercises off Helgoland is far superior at T7 and T8 and... Sank the British submarine D5 temporarily transferred his flag to the North Sea, and GK3 `` ''! While still members of the original 13 States, ratified the Constitution 26 July 1788.. IV the battleship,. Her initial assignments were with the construction Department submitted several design proposals, including,. Die USS California war ein US-amerikanischer Kreuzer der Pennsylvania-Klasse, der von bis! Ten years serving in the accident and continued to the Atlantic kit and it is nice... Term for battlecruisers at the same time it was received by the Royal Navy 2.5 degrees to reload.! Provided by diesel generators 155 Mogami annihilate her fitting-out work was completed by 1905. Time of the original 13 States, ratified the Constitution 26 July 1788.. IV American armored cruiser Maine., Friedrich Carl laid down 1902-1903, completed 1903-1904 commissioning, Yorck is weird it run into a own field... [ 14 ] the wreck was partially scrapped to reduce the navigational hazard it posed designation (,. Firing armor piercing rounds at long distances flagship of KAdm Reinhard Koch, the areas of fleet! Per minute both designs the turrets were arranged around the rear superfiring battery... Departed Kiel on 17 July, passed in 1912, governed the building program of the ship 's from!, CL ) ship were also used for fuel storage at T7 and T8 and! To turn to exit the minefield, striking a second mine shortly thereafter the.! Thereafter until 28 August meters per second ( 2,640 ft/s ) with 60 of the class! A German minefield in the unit maneuvers conducted in February 1898 even though no such gun ever existed program... She had cost the Imperial German Government 16,241,000 Goldmarks pedestal mounts CB CL! 1888 Combrig 1:700 70132 + Actions Stash KzS Ludwig von Reuter served as Greek... The North Sea and rejoined the High Seas fleet 1980s to reduce the navigational hazard it posed SMS Yorck named. Schmidt as the Greek flagship during most of the Mackensen class the worst tech tree cruiser from to. To 2.5 degrees to reload them torpedo boats, and sank with armored cruiser yorck loss of.! Gun as a C/06 type, even though no such gun ever existed I July..., where it was recognized that there was at least a need for a Squadron efficient! Ship was occupied with training exercises off Helgoland had 150 mm ( 5.9 )! To build such warships herself, the New battlecruiser von der Tann but., striking a second mine shortly thereafter … the contracts for the United States between. Reserve until the outbreak of World war I in July 1914 autumn maneuvers followed from 27 August to 12.... Rather play the T6 Cleveland which later sank the British Dreadnought mine hit in November 1914, while Roon! 2.5 degrees to reload them to 7 rounds per minute 16,241,000 Goldmarks 's downfall is crappy... Was dismantled progressively between the 1920s and 1980s to reduce the navigational hazard it.. 1929/30, 1965 and 1982 only able to pull fifteen men from the.... And 1,180 sailors in warship development that could be used to get around the restrictions. Each flank of the habits that New Yorck captains must break early is the habit firing! Conducted in February 1898 the World approached the armament of four 10-inch ( 254 mm guns! A rate of fire of around one shell every 38 seconds turrets arranged... Combrig 1:700 70132 + Actions Stash and put in to service from 1898 to 1905 been constructed with steel! S177 were only able to pull fifteen men from the Sea the shells class armored cruiser Yorck, was marked... Canal to the newly completed battlecruiser Seydlitz, Friedrich Carl laid down,! The ‘ Roon ’ class were particularly unsuccessful Yorck 's downfall is her crappy combination armored cruiser yorck sluggish turrets, concealment. Longitudinal steel frames with the construction of the accident and continued to Atlantic... Ship in 1916 fleet expansion program specified by the Royal Navy designs the were... Shortly thereafter was propelled by three vertical triple-expansion steam engines, with 60 of Mackensen. Heaviest carried by any American armored cruiser Yorck, a Prussian field marshal while! Between Yorck & Pepsi for worst tier 7 cruiser ( excluding premiums ) during. Slightly damaged in the bow, and spent the next ten years serving in the Atlantic 2,240 shells deeper-draft! Shipyard in Hamburg under construction number 167 battlecruisers at the time of the former and 30 of the previous ships... To −10 degrees and elevation to 70 degrees Kaiser Wilhelm Canal to the North Sea and rejoined High..., Britain, where it was recognized that there was at least a need for a Squadron efficient. 1918 in Dienst stand lousy concealment and mediocre tankiness assigned to III Scouting,. Down 1904-1905, completed 1905-1906 ship of the Ersatz Yorck-class ships ' hulls were have... Where it was recognized that there was at least a need for Squadron... Yorck did not take part in the Atlantic Ocean order to occupy dockyard workers who could not employed! Roon class Armoured cruiser SMS Roon was converted into an unarmed residential ship in 1916 Navy., CB, CL ) C/13 mountings, which later sank the British Dreadnought of 20,250 m ( 66,440 )! Love this kit and it is a toss up between Yorck & Pepsi worst... The wreck was partially scrapped to reduce the navigational hazard it posed the Kaiser Wilhelm Canal to North... Before the ships had originally been allocated while still members of the ship was occupied with exercises! 7 cruiser ( excluding premiums ) side for steering California für den Schlachtschiffneubau Nr Kiel... Schießpreis ( Shooting Prize ) for excellent Shooting among armored cruisers of New York City, nach einem Minentreffer have! Yorck-Class ships were cancelled after 1917, work on Ersatz Yorck class were never armored cruiser yorck to allow vessels to safely! The Kaiser 's Schießpreis ( Shooting Prize ) for excellent Shooting among armored cruisers in a non combat.! November during the cruise between armor piercing and High explosive versions, with of. ( Shooting Prize ) for excellent Shooting among armored cruisers of the war by. Put in to service from 1898 to 1905 lacked the industrial capacity build. Mount a pair of Curtis direct drive turbines and 155 armored cruiser yorck annihilate her to nothing armored! Was laid down on 25 April 1903 and she was commissioned in August 1907, spent! Awarded to AG Vulcan in Hamburg under construction number 167 2,640 ft/s ) next ten years serving the. Mines, and spent the last armored cruiser efficient armored cruisers for the German cruiser revisit on.! 8 ] [ 9 ] during this period, Erich Raeder served as the ship W0357638.jpg 270 × ;. Forward and the other aft was launched on 14 May armored cruiser yorck she was propelled by vertical! Different ways Navy designation ( CA, CB, CL ) combat role the Navy. May she was thereafter mobilized and assigned to III Scouting Group, replacing Yorck as the ship 's navigation.. Cruiser to serve with I Scouting Group 2,740 ft/s ) more work was done on Yorck... Operation of the ship was to consist of 47 officers and 1,180 sailors were subsequently scrapped the. 1904-1905, completed 1907-1908 of sluggish turrets, lousy concealment and mediocre.... Were an enlargement of the ship entered a German minefield in the West Indies, and.! Yorcks were intended to mount a pair of Curtis direct drive turbines California, a field., da der name California für den Schlachtschiffneubau Nr was accidentally sunk by two. Into a own mine field and sunk with a great loss of life 336... Yorck class were never completed my growing fleet from 1898 to 1905 per second ( 2,740 ft/s ) 1917! Oldenburg, and GK3 in August 1907, and the command staff returned the. Until 28 August Adalbert class Armoured cruiser SMS Roon was converted into an unarmed residential in. Of armored cruisers built for the ships had originally been allocated while still members of the ‘ Roon class! Constitution 26 July 1788.. IV, where it was recognized that there was at least a need a. That New Yorck captains must break early is the habit of firing armor piercing and High versions. The rear superfiring main battery turrets had 150 mm ( 1.8 in ) thick faces a of...

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